|Title||The MONET trial: darunavir/ritonavir with or without nucleoside analogues, for patients with HIV RNA below 50 copies/ml.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Arribas JR, Horban A, Gerstoft J, Fätkenheuer G, Nelson M, Clumeck N, Pulido F, Hill A, van Delft Y, Stark T, Moecklinghoff C|
|Date Published||2010 Jan 16|
|Keywords||Adult, Anti-HIV Agents, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Darunavir, Drug Administration Schedule, Drug Combinations, Drug Resistance, Viral, Female, HIV Infections, HIV-1, Humans, Male, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, Ritonavir, RNA, Viral, Sulfonamides, Treatment Outcome, Viral Load|
BACKGROUND: In virologically suppressed patients, darunavir-ritonavir (DRV/r) monotherapy could maintain virological suppression similarly to DRV/r and two nucleosides.
METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-six patients with HIV RNA less than 50 copies/ml for over 24 weeks on current antiretrovirals [non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based (43%), or protease inhibitor-based (57%)], switched to DRV/r 800/100 mg once daily, either as monotherapy (n = 127) or with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) (n = 129). Treatment failure was defined as two consecutive HIV RNA levels above 50 copies/ml (TLOVR) by week 48, or switches off study treatment. The trial had 80% power to show noninferiority for the monotherapy arm (delta = -12%).
RESULTS: Patients were 81% male and 91% Caucasian, with mean age 44 years, and CD4 cell count of 574 cells/microl. In the primary efficacy analysis, HIV RNA less than 50 copies/ml by week 48 (per protocol) was 86.2 versus 87.8% in the monotherapy and triple therapy arms; by intent-to-treat switch equals failure, efficacy was 84.3 versus 85.3%; by a switch-included analysis, efficacy was 93.5 versus 95.1%: all three comparisons showed noninferior efficacy for DRV/r monotherapy. CD4 cell counts remained stable during the trial in both arms. One patient per arm showed at least one protease inhibitor mutation, and one patient in the triple therapy arm showed an NRTI mutation. Nine patients per arm discontinued randomized treatment for either adverse events or other reasons. No new or unexpected safety signals were detected.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study for patients with HIV RNA less than 50 copies/ml on other antiretrovirals at baseline, switching to DRV/r monotherapy showed noninferior efficacy versus triple antiretroviral therapy.